National Park facts and figures

Physical facts and figures

Land area covered by National Parks:

England: 10 National Parks cover 9.3% of the land area

Wales: 3 National Parks cover 19.9.% of the land area

Scotland: 2 National Parks cover 7.2% of the land area

Internationally: 113,000 National Parks and similarly protected areas cover approximately 6% of the Earth’s land surface, that’s about 149 million square kilometres! (Source – IUCN – International Union for Conservation of Nature).

National Park nameArea (sq kilometres)Highest point (metres)Coastline (kilometres)Main settlements
Brecon Beacons1344Pen y Fan – 8860Brecon, Crickhowell, Gilwern and Hay
Broads303Strumpshaw Hill – 382.7Stalham, Wroxham, Brundall, Acle, Loddon, Beccles and Oulton Broad
Cairngorms4,528Ben Macdui – 13090Aviemore, Ballater, Braemar, Grantown-on-Spey, Kingussie, Newtonmore, and Tomintoul
Dartmoor953High Willhays – 6210Ashburton, Buckfastleigh, Chagford, Moretonhampstead
Exmoor694Dunkery Beacon – 51955Lynton, Dunster, Porlock and Dulverton
Lake District2292Scafell Pike – 978m23Ambleside, Bowness, Coniston, Grasmere, Keswick
Loch Lomond and the Trossachs1865Ben More – 117458Balloch, Callander and Tarbet
New Forest570Telegraph Hill – 14042Lyndhurst, Brockenhurst and Burley
Northumberland1048The Cheviot – 8150Hexham, Haltwhistle, Bellingham, Rothbury and Wooler
North York Moors1434Urra Moor – 45442Helmsley and Thornton-le-Dale
Peak District1437Kinder Scout – 6360Bakewell and Tideswell
Pembrokeshire Coast621Foel Cwmcerwyn – 536418St Davids, Tenby and Saundersfoot
Snowdonia2176Snowdon – 108560Aberdyfi, Dolgellau, Trawsfynydd and Beddgelert
South Downs1624Blackdown – 28014Arundel, Steyning, Lewes, Midhurst and Petersfield
Yorkshire Dales1769Whernside – 7360Grassington, Settle, Hawes and Sedbergh

Social and historical facts and figures

A scheduled ancient monument is a protected archaeological site or building that is of national importance.
Conservation areas are villages or towns with important architecture that is protected.

National Park nameYear of designationPopulationScheduled ancient monumentsConservation AreasVisitors a year (million)Visitor days a year (million)Visitor spend a year (million)
Brecon Beacons195732,000268114.155£197
Lake District195140,800over 2002314.821.8£994
*Loch Lomond and the Trossachs200215,60060747£190
New Forest200534,92221419Not available13.5£123
Northumberland19562,200196, including 1 World Heritage Site1 and 3 National Conservation Areas1.51.7£190
North York Moors195223,38084642710.8£538
Peak District195137,9054691098.7511.75£541
Pembrokeshire Coast195222,800 144.213£498
South Downs2010120,000741165Not available39333
Yorkshire Dales195419,654203379.512.6£400

* These visitor numbers and visitor spend figures have been taken from STEAM reports, mostly from 2009. Figures for all other national parks were updated in October 2014.

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